DEMOCRATIC SOLIDARISM IDEOLOGY
Universal basic income. Speaking about this category, professors
S. G. Belyaev and V. I. Koshkin  rightly note that the institution of universal basic income (UBI) isn’t their invention. So, from the mid-twentieth century to the present day, among the world scientific community, in political circles and several governments of European countries (Switzerland, for example), discussions have been arising regarding the feasibility of introducing the UBI for all categories of citizens.
The UBI is a social concept that implies the regular payment of a certain amount of money to each member of the society by the state. Payments are made to all members of society, regardless of the income level and without the need to perform any kind of work.
It should be noted that in January 2018, the issue of the UBI was discussed by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, and before that it had been tested in a number of European countries. Proponents of the implementation of the UBI compared the implementation of such a reform with the abolition of slavery or the realization of universal suffrage. A decision on its use, however, hasn’t yet been made.
It appears that in the conditions of a constant government budget deficit in Ukraine, as well as in the presence of a huge outstanding public debt, the reality of administrating the UBI at the expense of the state budget is very doubtful. At the same time, trying to form a mechanism for the formation of the sources of the UBI fund and its fair distribution, the authors came to the conclusion that this can be achieved solely on the basis of democratic solidifying of the economy and the introduction of the APPC institution, which will create a solid economic base for the formation of the UBI.
Under these conditions, the major sources of the UBI could be:
– a legislatively determined share of rent payments for the use of natural resources;
– a share of income to the budget from socialized intellectual property created by citizens of Ukraine;
– a certain share of the enterprises income determined by the Budget Code of Ukraine.
Taking into account the poor financial state of Ukrainian social funds—in particular, the Pension Fund the budget hole of which has already reached 170 billion hryvnas —we believe that one of the main elements of the economic component of the national idea of Ukraine should be a methodology for determining lifetime prosperity of the citizens.
Lifetime prosperity. This is a new category that hasn’t previously been used in countries with market economies. There are proposals, according to which, a system for ensuring a decent level of lifetime prosperity should include:
The UBI + Remuneration +
Dividends from ownership of the capital
A fundamentally new system of administrating social benefits will function effectively throughout the life of every citizen of Ukraine. From birth and until reaching working age—at the expense of the UBI funds, to which, as a result of labor activity, payment for labor is added; and on reaching retirement age, the prosperity of citizens will be reliably guaranteed by the UBI funds and previously accumulated incomes.
In our opinion, the use of the institution of lifetime prosperity in the format of the concept of a national idea would meet two extremely important tasks—to make social funds solvent and, last but not least, to start approaching the standards of the inclusive development model recommended by influential international organizations through overcoming the enormous gap between income levels of different social groups.
In preparing this article, the authors aimed, firstly, to demonstrate how the use of a solidary approach could contribute to the formation, development and popularization of the Ukrainian national idea, and, secondly, to study the significance of the further movement towards a solidary planned market economy in the implementation of the national idea in life.
Conclusions. The article substantiates the innovative position of the authors regarding the development of conceptual foundations for determining the substance of the Ukrainian national idea based on the democratic solidarism ideology. At the same time, the authors consider the national idea as a complex, multidimensional and multilayer concept that synthesizes various fundamental values and interests, which, forming a certain ideal as a guideline for the development of the nation, contribute to the harmonization of all social groups of the country’s population. This approach is explained by the fact that such a combination of national interests in different areas of public life is fully consistent with the important principles of inclusive development adopted in 2012 by the Council of the International Organization for Economic Cooperation and Development (OECD). These principles are a pan-European trend for further dynamic development.