DEMOCRATIC SOLIDARISM IDEOLOGY

The authors believe that in relation to the concept of a national idea, such a political force, first of all, should have a clear understanding of the economic structure of society, which forms the basis, the framework of this concept. It’s impossible to build a formed state without such an ideology.

As such an ideology, the authors propose to adopt the concept of solidarism based on economic democracy, justifying this by the fact that it’s this approach that can unite society by combining different social groups and political forces with the idea of ​​social solidarity. The latter, in turn, is considered to be the theoretical basis of the ideology and political philosophy of solidarism.

Solidarity usually—both in the past and today—is interpreted as a commonality of interests, single mind-set developing, unanimity, interdependence, interrelatedness, joint responsibility [18]. Solidarity can also be defined as the principle of social existence that involves the pooling of resources and capabilities of subjects of relations with a view to achieve common goals. Moreover, the interests of each of the subjects in this way are in balance with the interests of the community and aren’t sacrificed to either abstract common interest or individual egoism. Thus, solidarity should be considered as a mechanism of social self-regulation, self-preservation and self-development of the collective organism (society), which allows you to maximize the opportunities of all members of society for an individual and common good [22].

Hence the organically derived definition of “solidarism” as the fundamental principle of building a social system based primarily on the harmonious combination of its various parts, and not on the struggle and fierce competition, which, unfortunately, is common to Ukrainian—and not only—society today.

In such a system, all members of society and social groups—families, ethnic groups, religious denominations, classes, political parties, business units, etc., have real legal and social and political subjectivity. Consequently, their rights, opportunities, interests and values ​​can be consolidated and solidified in order to achieve consensus objectives (common good) within the social framework of various scales (local, national, global) [24].

At the same time, more importantly, taking into account Ukrainian realities, the elements between which solidarity relations arise retain their heterogeneity and diversity. Moreover, their uniqueness is precisely the basis for combining efforts and the emergence of a synergistic multiplying effect.

Thus, traditional solidarism is a theory of a kind of “good society” with developed mechanisms and institutions for reconciling the interests and values of all participants in social relations.

However, until recently, the theory of solidarism lacked an adequate political and economic platform [15]. This, in turn, blocked the conceptual development and practical implementation of a solidarity model of the economy.

In our opinion, this model is a social and economic system that combines the interests, goals and actions of the whole society—government, business, all social groups and citizens—in order to achieve the highest quality of life for all members of the society, regardless of gender, age, levels of education and welfare, belonging to a particular social group, region, etc., and based on dynamic and proportional inclusive development.

The use of the main methodological provisions outlined in these publications makes it possible to lay the foundations of a solidary model of the economic component of the national idea concept of Ukraine [19].

At the same time, assessing the demand for an ideology that can unite different and conflicting political forces, as well as social groups, the authors believe that solidarism [6] in its updated and scientifically reflexed form has the potential to become relevance in the 21st century, a system of values, ideas and models of social reality. Particularly because the new social dynamics requires a fundamental update of the analytical tools, as well as the reformulation of the values ​​of various political parties, social groups, and, most importantly, entities engaged in the design and modeling of the future, and the implementation of programs to transform these models into real life [ 24].

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