DEMOCRATIC SOLIDARISM IDEOLOGY

Methods and data. The theoretical and methodological foundation for determining the Ukrainian national idea on the basis of the democratic solidarism ideology is determined by the specifics of a set of social and political principles that focus on the analysis of the national idea phenomenon [11] and its specific features in the conditions of the formation of independent Ukraine in the post-Soviet period.

In preparing the article, the author used historical, political and cultural approaches. It’s impossible to develop the specifics of the phenomenon of the Ukrainian national idea and its interpretations in the context of the ideology of solidarism outside these approaches. In particular, general scientific methods of comparative analysis, systematization, and conceptual generalization were applied. The authors rely on the scientific works of foreign and domestic experts in this field.

Main results of the research. In the process of in-depth analysis and creative synthesis, the ideas expressed in modern economic literature allowed the authors to draw a conceptually important conclusion regarding the definition of a national idea. The authors have formed two meanings of the concept of “national idea.” In a broad sense, it is a system of ideas and value principles that underlie the consolidation and development of Ukrainian society; in a narrow sense, this is a system of ideas related to value orientations in the area of ethnic identity of Ukrainians as a nation.

Recently, however, we can single out the tendency towards a different approach to prevail, according to which the national idea acts as an awareness of not only national, but also civilizational identity.

The authors argue that each formed state has a national idea. In other words, a nation is a people with a national idea. That is, it’s similar in structure, function and purpose, and its specificity is associated with the identity of countries.

The national idea is inextricably linked with the process of state building and institutionalization of national relations. Sometimes it has a religious connotation. Although there are multiconfessional formed states [19].

The experience of post-Soviet independent Ukraine shows that it is impossible to realize a national idea without a strong economy. At the same time, nothing new and promising can be built on the rules of economic behavior existing in Ukraine today [7].

It’s certainly true that the experience of transforming the administrative model of the Ukrainian economy into a market one cannot be considered successful. Which, in turn, means that there is no way to do without a new public treaty, nor can it be done without fulfilling the obligations contained in this treaty.

It should also be emphasized that the authors note the lack of the desire of the majority of the modern Ukrainian political elite representatives to formulate and propose to society new rules for the economic establishment of society, which would be based on a fundamentally different methodological and ideological basis, and currently absent in Ukraine.

The reluctance (or inability) of the political elite representatives to demonstrate the will and desire to move away from stereotypes, dogmas and rudimentary norms in the formation of a social treaty is the reason that throughout the complex and sometimes tragic history of Ukraine, each of the ideologies of the past—nationalism, socialism, neoliberalism or communism—failed to correctly formulate the new rules, the implementation of which would contribute to the implementation of the Ukrainian national idea.

Researchers believe that today, Ukrainian parties basically adjust their position to the situation. With rare exceptions, they do not have systemic ideas and principles on which it’s proposed to build a state and unite a nation. This trend indicates that Ukrainians are more inclined to unite around their leaders than around conceptual ideas.

At the same time, it should be remembered that in any society a national idea turns into a real power only when it takes possession of the masses. And for this, the idea must harmoniously transform into ideology. That is within the reach of a large political party, which has the necessary material, organizational and media resources, and is thus able to make the national idea a driving force for the revival of a nation and a state. That is, to build a formed state [21].

As it’s known, the tasks of any party ideology include, firstly, the construction of meanings and motivations in order to characterize the present and modeling the future in accordance with party ideas of the values ​​of this future and, secondly, the creation of an environment that would absorb the corresponding party ideas and implement them as a result of collective actions [6].

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